- What is coronavirus? کرونا وائرس کیا ہے؟
- How does the coronavirus spread? کرونا وائرس کیسے پھیلتا ہے؟
- Where do coronaviruses come from? کورونا وائرس کہاں سے آتے ہیں؟
- How soon after becoming infected with COVID-19 will I develop symptoms? کورونا وائرس سے متاثر ہونے کے بعد کتنی جلدی علامات پیدا ہوں گی؟
- The best way to avoid spreading COVID-19 to others is to کورونا وائرس دوسروں میں پھیلانے سے بچنے کا بہترین طریقہ یہ ہے۔
- Who’s most at risk for getting COVID-19? کورونا وائرس ہونے کا سب سے زیادہ خطرہ کس کو ہے؟
- Certain family groups been harder hit by COVID-19? کچھ خاندانی گروہ کرونا وائرس سے زیادہ متاثر ہوئے ہیں
- The COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan پاکستان میں کرونا وائرس کی وبا
- Punjab,Balochistan پنجاب، بلوچستان
- Unemployment بے روزگاری۔
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause respiratory illness in humans. They are called “corona” because of crown-like spikes on the surface of the virus.It is caused by SASR (SevereAcute Respiratory Syndrome) or MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome).It was first reported in Wuhan (City of China) in December 2019. It also spreed in the other cities of the china.It infected the large amount of chines people.As the people travelling from china to other countries of the world carried Covid-19 to their counties.In this way the local disease got the status of pandemic or a world-wide epidemic.
Coronaviruses is an infectious disease which is spread through droplets and virus particles released into the air when an infected person breathes, talks, laughs, sings, coughs or sneezes. Larger droplets may fall to the ground in a few seconds, but tiny infectious particles can stay in the air.Where many people are gathered it inter to the other person by breathes and infected him.The other way is COVID-19 enters your body through your mouth, nose or eyes (directly from the air borne droplets). The virus travels to your nasal passages and mucous membrane. It attaches to cells there, where it multiply and moves into lung tissue. From there, the virus can spread to other body tissues.
Coronaviruses are often found in bats, cats and camels. The viruses live in but do not infect the animals. Sometimes these viruses then spread to different animal species. The viruses may change (mutate) as they transfer to other species. Eventually, the virus can jump from animal species and begins to infect humans. In the case of COVID-19, the first people infected.
The time between becoming infected and showing symptoms (incubation period) can range from 2 to 14 days. The average time before experiencing symptoms is five days.In about 80% of patients, COVID-19 causes only low symptoms, although this may change as variants.The most common symptoms are fever ,cough,shortness of breath or difficulty breathing,muscle or body aches,headaches,loss of taste or smell,vomiting and Diarrhea.
If you’re infected with COVID-19 it can take several days to develop symptoms — but you are contagious during this time. You are no longer contagious 10 days after your symptoms began.
The best way to avoid spreading COVID-19 to others is to:
- Stay 6 feet away from others whenever possible.
- Wear a cloth mask that covers your mouth and nose when around others.
- Wash your hands often. If soap is not available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Avoid crowded indoor spaces. Bring in outdoor air as much as possible.
- Stay self-isolated at home if you are feeling ill with symptoms that could be COVID-19 or have a positive test for COVID-19.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces.
Persons at greatest risk of contracting COVID-19 are:
- People who live in or have recently traveled to any area with ongoing active spread.
- People who have had close contact with a person who has a laboratory-confirmed or a suspected case of the COVID-19 virus. Close contact is defined as being within 6 feet of an infected person for a cumulative total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period.
- People over age 60 who have pre-existing medical conditions or a weakened immune system.
Many researchers have analyzed data across the country and in some large cities, looking at number of confirmed cases and deaths based on race and ethnicity and related factors. They found that African Americans and the Latino-Hispanic populations have disproportionately higher rates of hospitalizations and deaths due to COVID-19.
Researchers suspect this might be because these ethnic groups tend to:
- Live in more crowded housing situations — living in densely populated areas and in multi-generational households — making social distancing practices difficult.
- Work in consumer-facing service industries and are more likely to use public transportation to get to work, putting them at risk for increased exposure to COVID-19.
- Be at increased risk of severe illness if they get COVID-19 because of higher rates of existing medical conditions, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, asthma, and heart, liver and kidney diseases.
- Be more likely to be uninsured or lack a consistent care source, which limits access to COVID-19 testing and treatment services.
The COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Pakistan on 26 February 2020, when two cases were recorded (a student in Karachi who had just returned from Iran and another person in the Islamabad Capital Territory). On 18 March 2020, cases had been registered in all four provinces, the two autonomous territories, and Islamabad Capital Territory, and by 17 June, each district in Pakistan had recorded at least one confirmed case of COVID-19.
The Government of Punjab declared a health emergency on 12 March in a cabinet meeting. A quarantine facility was established in the Dera Ghazi Khan district for the pilgrims returning from Iran.
On 22 March, the government decided to close down shopping malls, markets, parks and public gathering places for two days till 24 March. Punjab Chief Minister, Sardar Usman Buzdar urged people to stay at home, practice social distancing and avoid unnecessary travel. Despite this, local media reported that many residents in Lahore had failed to practice the measures and downright defied it by opening up businesses and gathering in large numbers on various public grounds. This led to the local police and city administration to forcibly vacate them.
On 23 March, The Chief Minister announced a 14 days lockdown from 24 March till 6 April. All markets, shopping malls and public places were closed and pillion riding was banned. He also stated that a 1,000-bed hospital would be set up in Lahore while five other hospitals were designated for coronavirus patients across the province the next day on 23 March while the local government and rescue services started disinfecting towns and cities. Public bus services were also temporarily suspended to disinfect all buses and stations. The Secretary Home Department of Punjab wrote a letter one day to the Ministry of Interior seeking the assistance of the military under Article 245.The Punjab University manufactured coronavirus protection kits along with large amounts of hand sanitisers, disinfectants and antiseptic wet-tissues for the public. The sanitisers are for national usage. An online initiative was started for online purchases for home deliveries. Also on the day, more than 150 pilgrims arrived in Faisalabad from Iran via the Taftan border to be quarantined at a centre. More arrangements were made to quarantine another 450 pilgrims returning at a centre established in the campus of the Agricultural University. The government established the largest quarantine centre in the nation in Multan at Multan Industrial Estate to isolate the returning pilgrims with 3000 rooms. It had 1,247 pilgrims in quarantine as of the day. A companion 50-bed hospital was also set up to aid the centre.
On 24 March, the Balochistan government imposed a complete lockdown in the entire province until 7 April. It included a complete ban on public getting out of their homes, all kinds of social and religious gatherings or any public or private event. All public and private offices were ordered closed. Exemptions included essential services such as personnel of hospitals, laboratories and medical stores, law enforcement agencies, people in need of urgent medical care with one attendant, one person per family going out to buy grocery. Only one person was allowed to travel in a private vehicle.
The Ministry of Planning has estimated that 12.3 million to 18.5 million people will become jobless due to pandemic.Moreover, it is estimated that the number of unemployed people in Pakistan will reach 6.65 million in the 2020–2021 fiscal year, compared to 5.80 million in the previous fiscal year. The COVID-19 pandemic is cited to be one of the largest factors causing the increase in the unemployment rate, particularly among vulnerable employment groupsand daily wage workers.